Rwanda Genocide Sites
In the East African state of Rwanda in the year 1994 happened a massive human slaughter that was between the Tutsis and the Hutus is one is up to date the famous Rwandan Genocide. Also referred to as the Genocide of the 20th century, it took about 100 days claiming over 500,000 lives. The other estimates show that the death toll was between 800,000 and 1,000,000 people killed with another 2 million refugees especially Hutus.
For the need to commemorate the perilous Genocide war in Rwanda there are about eight Genocide Memorial Sites that were constructed and they work as tourists attractions especially for the research and educational tourists who need information from them. Among the known Genocide sites include;
Gisozi Memorial site
This memorial site is situated in Gasabo district just adjacent to the Kigali capital city. Right here at this site is where the majority Tutsis were slaughtered by the Hutus. Victims of both tribes were however buried in this same place in the year 2000 within the same area. Shortly, around 2004 Gisozi became a tourism center as regards the estimate of about 300,000 people buried there. This entire site management is intending to provide more history about Rwanda to the whole world and has a display house, photo gallery, a library and a cemetery.
Murambi Genocide Memorial site
This site was created around the period of 1995. During the turmoil of the slaughtering of people, Tutsis of this region sought sanctuary at Murambi where a technical school was being constructed. This site has the remains of about 50,000 victims killed in this technical school. There are only 34 people who are believed to have survived genocide in this very area. Ever since the end of the war natives of the area deserted the place and went to settle in other places. Due to the fast growing tourism industry the place has been renovated to be used as an exhibition, tourists go there and get free information about the uneasy history of Rwanda and man slaughter. A number of corpses are being preserved and no one is accepted to disturb their peace. Since so many graves were being spread everywhere in the area, one single huge grave was dug for the victims to give them a decent burial.
Gisenyi Memorial site
This memorial site is located within the Gisenyi outer boundaries with about 12000 remains of the victims that were killed in the 1994 genocide. This one is acknowledged to the first memorial site and was established with the support from Ibuka, the high profile lobby group that was interested in victims’ commemoration. The ministry of youth, sports and culture also made a good effort to contribute to the site’s establishment. The bodies buried in this area were collected from the nearby Nyundo and from Corniche. Madame Carr’s grave is also within this area, Madame Carr was an American that operated in the Imbabazi orphanage.
Bisesero Memorial site
This site is situated within Karongi district in the western parts of Rwanda on the slopes of Kibuye constituency and it is believed that this site is a burial place for nearly 30,000 people. These are the people that were killed in this very region and they were presented by French soldiers because they were on the opposition side and they were brave people. This was the very point of the Tutsis where they stood and organized to resist the slaughter. The Tutsis however had weak weapons so most of them were murdered by the Hutus. The Bisesero memorial site is made up of nine small structures which indicate the nine communities which originally were forming up the Kibuye region. Presently the site is called the Hill of resistance as regards the braveness that the area people exhibited against their rivals.
Nyamata Memorial site
This site is positioned in Bugesera district and this place was a church prior to the genocide, people who were killed there were close to 250,000 and they had gone to the church to seek refuge during the tragedy unfortunately they got murdered. This site is approximately 35kms from the Kigali city center. Up to date the church is there in place as a souvenir for the 1994 Genocide.
Nyarubuye Memorial site
This site was well known as a convent, Roman Catholic Church and also known as a school. This place recorded around 20,000 people killed in the massacre. The victims were mainly Tutsis and a few Hutu who had gone to the church to seek a safe haven, men, women and children were reported to have been killed indiscriminately. Numerous Tutsis were viciously killed as they attempted to escape to Tanzania. The remains were stored in the convent for a tribute. In 2003 the school was also renovated and it is presently operating with students in.
Nyanza Memorial site
This site is situated in Kicukiro southeast of the city centre heading to the airport. There was a school in Nyanza called Ecole Technique Officielle (ETO) and it was governed by the UN. The UN officials had come to give security to the Rwandese before the man slaughter. When the genocide began the UN people went back to their country and left the Rwandese who had come for refuge to be killed there without any assistance. The Tutsis were the most killed here with a few Hutus. There is little to see at this memorial site apart from the tiled tops of four mass graves that are said to have remains of about 6,000 Tutsis who were killed trying to take refuge in ETO. There are also a few unmarked wooden crosses.
Ntarama Memorial site
This site is positioned about 30 kilometers from Kigali within Bugesera and its hour’s drive the capital of Kigali city. This one was a catholic church and now it’s a memorial site, 5,000 people were massacred in this area during the 1994 Genocide especially women and children. These people had gone to seek refuge in the church hoping it was a safe place. Ever since the genocide, this place is not bothered now it was left to be an exhibition for the tourists.